Although Spain claimed the entire Caribbean, they settled only the larger islands of Hispaniola (1493), Puerto Rico (1508), Jamaica (1509), Cuba (1511), and Trinidad (1530) and the small ‘pearl islands’ of Cubagua and Margarita off the Venezuelan coast because of their valuable pearl beds, which were worked extensively …
What islands did Spain colonize?
When the crown established the Viceroyalty of New Spain in 1535, the islands of the Caribbean came under its jurisdiction. The islands ruled by Spain were chiefly the Greater Antilles such as Hispaniola (inclusive of modern-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Cuba, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.
What two countries did Spain colonize?
Mexico, California, and the Philippines are just a few examples, as Spain colonized most of the Americas prolifically, and parts of Africa and Europe.
What Caribbean islands are Spanish?
In total, 11 different countries in the Caribbean speak Spanish as their official language. Cuba, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Bocas del Toro, Bay Islands, Federal Dependencies of Venezuela, Cozumel, Mujeres, Nueva Esparta and San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina all speak Spanish as their official language.
What is the largest island still under Spanish rule?
But the largest island of all, Cuba, is Spanish. So is Puerto Rico. With the Spanish possessions in south and central America all winning their independence during the 1820s, these two large Caribbean islands are now all that remains of the Spanish empire (apart from the Philippines).
Who first colonized Spain?
The earliest European explorers were Spaniards under Amerigo Vespucci in the early 1500s. Despite Spain’s claim to the area in 1593, the Dutch began in 1602 to settle along the Essequibo, Courantyne, and Cayenne rivers and were followed by the Dutch West India Company (1621), which received what is now…
How long did Spain rule the Caribbean?
From the late 15th to the late 19th centuries, Spain controlled extensive territories in and around the Caribbean Sea, including the Greater Antilles, the mainland and islands along the Caribbean’s southern littoral, and the entire Gulf of Mexico.
Why were Dutch called foster fathers?
Why were the Dutch known as the “foster-fathers” of the French and the English settlements in the Caribbean? because of the way they kept them supplied when they were abandoned or rebelling against England.
Why did Spain want the Caribbean?
When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus’s expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for “gold, God, and glory.” They wanted to get rich by finding gold, they wanted to spread Christianity, and they wanted to get glory (the glory of finding new things).