The territories that became part of the Spanish empire were called New Spain. At its height, New Spain included all of Mexico, Central America to the Isthmus of Panama, the lands that today are the southwestern United States and Florida , and much of the West Indies (islands in the Caribbean Sea).
What colonies did Spain colonize?
Mexico, California, and the Philippines are just a few examples, as Spain colonized most of the Americas prolifically, and parts of Africa and Europe. By visiting Central and South America, it is easy to see how strong Spain’s cultural influence has been.
What type of colony was New Spain?
Viceroyalty of New Spain and its relationship to the crown
Although New Spain was a dependency of Castile, it was a kingdom and not a colony, subject to the presiding monarch on the Iberian Peninsula.
What are three regions of New Spain?
Tenochtitlan was razed and then rebuilt as Mexico City, the capital of the viceroyalty. At its height, the viceroyalty of New Spain consisted of Mexico, much of Central America, parts of the West Indies, the southwestern and central United States, Florida, and the Philippines.
Who were the new ethnic groups in New Spain?
Over time, members of New Spanish society formed new ethnic identities as Spaniards intermarried with Native Americans and Africans. A subtle castelike system developed, with peninsulares (natives of Spain) at the top of the social hierarchy.
Why did Spanish colonies fail?
Rebellion by brutalized soldiers or starved African slaves ended two colonies. … Attack-by-rival became another cause of failed colonies. The Spanish massacred the French Huguenots near Florida in 1565 and sent spies to Jamestown in 1613 to determine if eradicating the fledgling colony was its best move.
What are the 4 Viceroyalties?
The Spanish Americas had four viceroyalties:
- Viceroyalty of New Spain.
- Viceroyalty of Peru.
- Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
- Viceroyalty of New Granada.
Who is ruling Spain now?
Born in Madrid on 29 February 1972. Pedro Sánchez has been President of the Government of Spain since June 2018.
How did New Spain end?
Iturbide defeated the Royalist forces still opposed to independence, and the new Spanish viceroy, lacking money, provisions, and troops, was forced to accept Mexican independence. On August 24, 1821, O’Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, thus ending New Spain’s dependence on Old Spain.