What became New Spain?

The territories that became part of the Spanish empire were called New Spain. At its height, New Spain included all of Mexico, Central America to the Isthmus of Panama, the lands that today are the southwestern United States and Florida , and much of the West Indies (islands in the Caribbean Sea).

When did New Spain become New Mexico?

Temporally, it defines that territory only during the Spanish colonial era, which in New Spain lasted from 1521, when Hernán Cortes (1485–1547) defeated the Aztecs, until 1821, when Agustín de Iturbide (1783–1824) declared Mexico independent from Spain.

What states did Spain claim?

The territories that became part of the Spanish empire were called New Spain. At its height, New Spain included all of Mexico, Central America to the Isthmus of Panama, the lands that today are the southwestern United States and Florida , and much of the West Indies (islands in the Caribbean Sea).

Why did Spain start colonizing?

Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

What are the 4 Viceroyalties?

The Spanish Americas had four viceroyalties:

  • Viceroyalty of New Spain.
  • Viceroyalty of Peru.
  • Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
  • Viceroyalty of New Granada.
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How did New Spain end?

Iturbide defeated the Royalist forces still opposed to independence, and the new Spanish viceroy, lacking money, provisions, and troops, was forced to accept Mexican independence. On August 24, 1821, O’Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, thus ending New Spain’s dependence on Old Spain.

Who is ruling Spain now?

Born in Madrid on 29 February 1972. Pedro Sánchez has been President of the Government of Spain since June 2018.

What were the two biggest exports from New Spain?

Spain’s Top Exports

  • Refined petroleum – $13.3 billion.
  • Pig meat – $4.05 billion.
  • Pure olive oil – $3.68 billion.
  • Citrus – $3.67 billion.
  • Copper ore – $2.23 billion.
Temperamental Spain