Quick Answer: Who was in control of New Spain?

In 1524 Spanish King Charles V (1519–1556) created the Council of the Indies to govern the New World territories. In New Spain, he appointed two separate audiencias (courts that combined judicial, legislative, and administrative functions) and then named a viceroy.

Who was in charge of New Spain?

In 1766, the crown appointed Carlos Francisco de Croix, marqués de Croix as viceroy of New Spain. One of his early tasks was to implement the crown’s decision to expel the Jesuits from all its territories, accomplished in 1767.

How did New Spain happen?

New Spain was established following the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in 1521. The creation of a viceroyalty in the Americas was a result of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (1519 to 1521). … Therefore in 1535, King Charles V named Antonio de Mendoza as the first Viceroy of New Spain.

What are the 4 Viceroyalties?

The Spanish Americas had four viceroyalties:

  • Viceroyalty of New Spain.
  • Viceroyalty of Peru.
  • Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
  • Viceroyalty of New Granada.

How did Spain affect Mexico?

Spain’s purposes to colonize Mexico and the other colonies were getting new land, resources, and to spread Christianity. As they conquered Mexico, they got new land. Spain plundered lots of resources from their colonies, opened up trade and get profits and spread Christianity.

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Why did Spain leave Mexico?

In 1820, liberals took power in Spain, and the new government promised reforms to appease the Mexican revolutionaries. … Iturbide defeated the Royalist forces still opposed to independence, and the new Spanish viceroy, lacking money, provisions, and troops, was forced to accept Mexican independence.

What states did Spain claim?

The territories that became part of the Spanish empire were called New Spain. At its height, New Spain included all of Mexico, Central America to the Isthmus of Panama, the lands that today are the southwestern United States and Florida , and much of the West Indies (islands in the Caribbean Sea).

Why did Spain start colonizing?

Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.

Why did Spain need viceroys?

The viceroys were appointed by the king of Spain and the Council of the Indies from among noble Spanish families. … The viceroy’s princely salary was supposed to prevent corruption, and commercial dealings were forbidden to him.

Temperamental Spain