Which factor was the most important in aiding Spanish success in the Americas? The Spanish had superior weapons and the use of metal and horses. They were united in their mission: the quest for gold and the conversion of the Indians (Native Americans) to Christianity.
What factors helped Cortes to defeat the Aztecs?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
Which factor was most important in the Conquistadors conquest of the Native Americans?
The most important factor was disease, “the invisible invader.” Europeans carried diseases unknowingly and because the Native Americans had no immunity, the disease spread quickly and killed off most of them(90% in the 1500s).
What factors help to explain the rapid Spanish conquest of Central and South America?
What factors help explain the rapid Spanish conquest of Central and South America? What advantages did the Spanish enjoy? They had guns and horses, and used disease as a military tool to wipe out the opposition. They also enjoyed that the Aztecs had internal conflicts at this time.
How did the Spaniards gain control of Tenochtitlan?
Spanish conquistadores commanded by Hernán Cortés allied with local tribes to conquer the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán. Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city.
How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs so easily?
They found that the city’s society had crumpled. The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.
What did the Aztecs think of the Spanish?
The Aztecs first thought the Spanish were gods due to their light skin and dark hair. The Aztecs would pay the Spanish gold and other gifts to celebrate them. The Spanish saw these riches and realized they wanted more but were outnumbered by the Aztecs.
Why did the Spanish have an advantage over the Native Americans?
The advantages that the Spanish had over the Native Americans were 16 horses, some guns and other superior weapons, and alliances with fellow enemies of the Aztec. … The encomienda system gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work.
What were the results of the first encounters between the Spanish and Native American?
Describe the common effects of the first encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans in Mexico, Peru and elsewhere. At first there were friendly relations. … Native Americans were unable to conquer the Spanish because the Spanish had more powerful weapons than them.
What were the effects of the Spanish conquistadors on the Native American peoples?
Cortez and Pizarro were notable examples. Though they had small numbers they were able to conquer the Meso-American civilizations by making alliances with local tribes, the introduction of European diseases, treachery, force of will.
What were Spain’s goals and objectives for colonizing the New World?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
What were the effects of the Spanish conquest?
When the Spanish conquered the Americas, they brought in their own religion. Hundreds of Native Americans converted to Christianity. Churches, monasteries, shrines and parishes were built. This was one of the Spanish’s main goals in colonization, as well as giving Spain more power.