How did their actions shape Spain’s empire in the Americas? Hernan Cortes was a Spaniard who let soldiers into the interior of Mexico to conquer the Aztec empire. … He found that the Inca empire had already been weakened by smallpox and civil war and the Spanish killed the new ruler and destroyed the Inca army.
How were the Spanish able to conquer and colonize the Americas?
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …
What were Spain’s motives for conquest of the Americas?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
Which factor was the most important in aiding Spanish success in the Americas?
Which factor was the most important in aiding Spanish success in the Americas? The Spanish had superior weapons and the use of metal and horses. They were united in their mission: the quest for gold and the conversion of the Indians (Native Americans) to Christianity.
What advantages did the Spanish have in their conquests in the New World?
The advantages that the Spanish had over the Native Americans were 16 horses, some guns and other superior weapons, and alliances with fellow enemies of the Aztec.
How were the Spanish able to defeat Native American empires?
-The Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer Native American empires by spreading diseases to the Native Americans (have no immunity).
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
How did the Spanish treat the Native Americans?
Natives were subjects of the Spanish crown, and to treat them as less than human violated the laws of God, nature, and Spain. He told King Ferdinand that in 1515 scores of natives were being slaughtered by avaricious conquistadors without having been converted.
What was Spain searching for in the New World?
Inspired by tales of rivers of gold and timid, malleable native peoples, later Spanish explorers were relentless in their quest for land and gold. Spanish explorers with hopes of conquest in the New World were known as conquistadores. … Above all, the Aztec wealth in gold fascinated the Spanish explorers.
What were the results of the first encounters between the Spanish and Native American?
Describe the common effects of the first encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans in Mexico, Peru and elsewhere. At first there were friendly relations. … Native Americans were unable to conquer the Spanish because the Spanish had more powerful weapons than them.
Why did disease spread so rapidly in the Americas after European explorers arrived?
There are many reasons why diseases spread so rapidly. It is simply because the diseases were present. … The Native Americans had built up immunities to diseases and viruses that infected people in the Americas. They had never been exposed to anything from Britain, Spain, France, etc.
Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Incas?
The Spanish recognized the wealth and abundance that could be had in this territory; at this point the Inca Empire was at its largest, measuring around 690,000 square miles. In 1528 Pizarro went back to Spain to ask for the official blessing of the Spanish crown to the conquer the area and become governor.