The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas. … The government of Spain developed Filipino agriculture to the point that it was self-sufficient.
How did Spain take control of the Philippines?
Forty-four years after Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Philippines and died in the Battle of Mactan during his Spanish expedition to circumnavigate the globe, the Spaniards successfully annexed and colonized the islands during the reign of Philip II of Spain, whose name remained attached to the country.
Why did Spain keep the Philippines?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity. …
How did Spain govern the Philippines as a colony?
The archipelago was Spain’s outpost in the orient and Manila became the capital of the entire Spanish East Indies. The colony was administered through the Viceroyalty of New Spain (now Mexico) until 1821 when Mexico achieved independence from Spain. After 1821, the colony was governed directly from Spain.
How did the Philippines gain independence from Spain?
During the Spanish-American War, Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo proclaim the independence of the Philippines after 300 years of Spanish rule. … Revolts broke out across Luzon, and in March 1897, 28-year-old Emilio Aguinaldo became leader of the rebellion.
How many years did Spain rule the Philippines?
Philippines Under Spanish Rule, 1571-1898.
What are the negative effects of American colonization in the Philippines?
The American colonization of the Philippines lasted between 1898 and 1946. Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans.
What are the disadvantages of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
Throughout the colonization of the Philippines, the Spanish benefited economically from the Philippines but hindered the natives socially and through taxation. … Two main ways that Spain was detrimental to Filipinos was by improper taxation and the friars and priests enforcing religion, language, and social norms.