The effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century. North Morocco, Ifni, the Tarfaya region, Western Sahara, and the territories of early-21st-century Equatorial Guinea comprised what broadly could be defined as Spanish colonial Africa.
Why didn’t Spain colonize Africa?
Spain didn’t colonize outside of North Africa for several reasons. 1) They didn’t have to, since they had far more lucrative colonies in the New World. These had incredibly arable land, and brought in more money than colonies in Africa would.
Did Spain colonize any countries?
Mexico, California, and the Philippines are just a few examples, as Spain colonized most of the Americas prolifically, and parts of Africa and Europe. By visiting Central and South America, it is easy to see how strong Spain’s cultural influence has been.
Does Spain still have colonies in Africa?
Although Spain abandoned its major African colonies (Equatorial Guinea and the Western Sahara), it still retains five plazas de soberanía (places of sovereignty) off the African coastline. … Spain’s other African lands are military outposts or uninhabited islands. These Spanish territories are a thorn in Morocco’s side.
Did Germany colonize Africa?
Germany established colonies in South Africa in 1884 following the unification of Germany into a politically and administratively nation. Germany’s reign of imperialism lasted all the way up until 1914 which led to genocide, war, colonization, and invasion that greatly affected the native people for many years to come.
Why didn’t Europe colonize Africa?
One major factor was tropical diseases. Europe is a relatively cold place where rainforests cannot thrive. As a result, the inhabitants of Europe never had to deal with the deadly diseases that thrive in tropical latitudes, and as a consequence never developed any resistance or immunity to them either.
Who first colonized Spain?
The earliest European explorers were Spaniards under Amerigo Vespucci in the early 1500s. Despite Spain’s claim to the area in 1593, the Dutch began in 1602 to settle along the Essequibo, Courantyne, and Cayenne rivers and were followed by the Dutch West India Company (1621), which received what is now…
What country did Spain colonize first?
In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. After finding gold in recoverable quantities nearby, the Spanish quickly overran the island and spread to Puerto Rico in 1508, to Jamaica in 1509, and to Cuba in 1511.