During the early years of Spanish colonization, education was mostly religionoriented and controlled by the Roman Catholic Church. Spanish friars and missionaries educated the natives through religion with the aim of converting indigenous populations to the Catholic faith.
What were the contribution of the educational institution established during the Spanish era?
The Decree established a complete system of education in the archipelago–it required two elementary schools in each municipality (one for girls and one for boys), standardized the curriculum, and established normal schools, thus making systematized education available to the masses.
What is the focus of Philippine education?
The education sector’s development has mirrored the changes in the country’s administration. Today the focus is on expanding access and ensuring more Filipinos receive a decent basic education, as a means of reducing poverty and improving national competitiveness.
What are the focus of the arts during Spanish colonization?
For the first centuries of Spanish colonization, painting was limited to religious icons. Portraits of saints and of the Holy Family became a familiar sight in churches. Other subject matters include the passion of Christ, the Via Crucis, the crucifixion, portrayal of heaven, purgatory and hell.
What are the aims of Spanish period?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.
Why is the education system in the Philippines bad?
Studies and fact-finding commissions have shown that the deteriorating quality of education is due to the low government budget for education; poor quality of teachers; poor management of schools; poor school facilities such as laboratory and library facilities; poor learning environment; the content of the curriculum; …
Is the Philippine educational system improving?
The Philippines has worked to make sure a greater number of children are attending school to positive effect. Between 2008 and 2015, the net enrolment rate rose from 88% to 95% in primary school, from 60% to 66% in secondary education and from 29% to 36% in tertiary education.
What is art before colonization?
PHILIPPINE INDIGENOUS ARTS There are 4 prominent forms of art in the Philippines during the pre-colonial period namely: Sculpture/Carving Pottery Weaving Physical Ornaments/ Jewelry These emanate the rich culture of the Filipinos even before the colonization period.
Why is the Spanish influence very strong in the works of Filipino visual arts?
Spanish Influence on Filipino Visual Arts. When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images. … They replaced the arts that were once done in a communal spirit and community setting for rituals.
What was the famous sculpture during Spanish colonization?
The “Conquering Virgin.” The most famous sculpture in Spanish colonial New Mexico was La Conquistadora, the Conquering Virgin, reputed to be the oldest image of the Virgin Mary in the United States.
What are the 3 aims of Spanish colonization?
Spain was considered to have as three main goals behind its expeditions to North America: the expansion of its empire, the attainment of wealth, and the spread of Christianity.
What is pre Spanish government?
In form, therefore, the pre- Spanish government of the country was a monarchy, with the Datu, like other monarchs, rising to power mainly by inheritance, although. there were other ways, such as wisdom, physical prowess, and. wealth, whereby anyone could become the chief of the state.