Outline. In 711 Muslim forces invaded and in seven years conquered the Iberian peninsula. It became one of the great Muslim civilisations; reaching its summit with the Umayyad caliphate of Cordovain the tenth century. Muslim rule declined after that and ended in 1492 when Granada was conquered.
Who invaded Spain from the south?
In 711 ce Muslims under the leadership of Ṭāriq ibn Ziyād crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from Tangier (now in Morocco) and invaded southern Spain, ending Visigothic rule. Henceforth, Andalusia’s history was closely linked with that of the North African coast until the end of the 15th century.
When did Spain rule the world?
Through exploration and conquest, Spain became a world power in the 16th century, and maintained a vast overseas empire until the 19th century. Its modern history was marked by the bitter civil war of 1936-39, and the ensuing decades-long dictatorship of Francisco Franco.
Who found Spain?
By 1100 b.C. Phoenicians arrived to the peninsula and founded colonies, the most important of which was Gadir (today’s Cadiz), Malaca (today’s Malaga) and Abdera (today’s Adra, in Almeria). Also Greeks founded colonies in southern Spain and along the Mediterranean coast.