What was the relationship between the Spanish and the Aztecs?

The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. They introduced the Aztecs to domestic animals, sugar, grains, and European farming practices. Most significantly, the Spanish ended the Aztec’s practice of human sacrifice.

What did the Aztecs and Spanish have in common?

Both the Aztecs and the Spaniards were expansionist and imperialist peoples, but the Aztecs used a tribute system while the Spaniards used colonialism. The Aztecs conquered the city-states surrounding Tenochtitlan and their own city-states and demanded tribute and persons to use as human sacrifices.

Why did the Aztecs ally with the Spanish?

Although the Tlaxcalans were hesitant, an alliance with the Spanish was very desirable on the surface. As well as Cortés’ promises of tax exemption and preservation of their land – things the Aztecs had exploited them for mercilessly – they were presented with the opportunity to remove their main rival for good.

How did the Aztecs fall to the Spanish?

Invaders led by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés overthrew the Aztec Empire by force and captured Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great native civilization.

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What did the Spanish have that the Aztecs didn t?

The Spanish brought chickenpox, smallpox, measles, mumps, and rubella to the new world. These diseases killed 75% of the Native Americans. … The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.

How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?

More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.

Why did the tlaxcalans help the Spanish defeat the Aztecs?

Skilled fighters, the Tlaxcaltecas followed the god of war and hunting, Camaxtli. Their military prowess enabled them to collect taxes from those they conquered; it also enabled them to resist the Aztecs–one of the few tribes to do so. In 1519 the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés fought and subdued the Tlaxcaltecas.

What did the Aztecs invent?

About Colonial Family Life. The Aztecs are credited with a number of inventions, but in reality, most of their “inventions” were already well-known in Central America. It’s more accurate to say the Aztecs popularized inventions such as popcorn and chewing gum by introducing them to the Spanish conquerors.

What did the Aztecs think of the Spanish?

The Aztecs first thought the Spanish were gods due to their light skin and dark hair. The Aztecs would pay the Spanish gold and other gifts to celebrate them. The Spanish saw these riches and realized they wanted more but were outnumbered by the Aztecs.

How did the Spanish treat the Aztecs?

Most significantly, the Spanish ended the Aztec’s practice of human sacrifice. The Aztecs sacrificed human victims on each of their 18 annual festivities, according to the New World Encyclopedia. Human sacrifice rituals often included torture, such as shooting victims with arrows, burning them, or drowning them.

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