Hernan Cortés invaded Mexico in 1519 and conquered the Aztec Empire. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain. … He also helped colonize Cuba and became a governor of New Spain.
Why did Cortes want to conquer the Aztecs?
Cortes might have wanted to conquer the Aztec because he wanted gold, silver, to convert them to Christianity, glory, and greed. … The advantages that the Spanish had over the Aztec were 16 horses, guns, armor, formed alliances, and diseases, steel.
What advantages did the Spanish have over the Aztecs in their conquest?
The Spanish had superior weapons to the Aztecs or Incas. The Spanish were fighting with muskets, swords, and cannons, and they were wearing armor. The second reason the horse was an advantage for the Spanish is the Native Americans had never seen one before. The horses amazed and scared the Native Americans.
What happened when the Spanish arrived at Aztecs?
After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. … The conquered peoples resented the Aztec demands for tribute and victims for the religious sacrifices, but the Aztec military kept rebellion at bay.
Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
What was a major reason for the end of the Aztec Empire?
A major reason for the end of the Aztec Empire was? Due to the technological advancements that the Spanish conquistadors had.
How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?
More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.
What did the Aztecs think of the Spanish?
The Aztecs first thought the Spanish were gods due to their light skin and dark hair. The Aztecs would pay the Spanish gold and other gifts to celebrate them. The Spanish saw these riches and realized they wanted more but were outnumbered by the Aztecs.
What were three negative effects the Spanish had on the Aztecs?
Spain made Encomienda system and enslaved natives. In theory, it was a legal system, but many natives were forced to work hard as slaves. Spain introduced non-native flora&fauna, and diseases to the native people. Native people had no resistance to diseases such as measles, smallpox and influenza.
What are the positive effects of Spanish colonization?
Some of the positive effects were: universities were opened early. In 1820 only the Philippines have improved in civilization, wealth, and Populousness. The establish of schools, many schools were built. They taught them how to read, write, and speak in English.
What were the long term effects of the Spanish conquest?
The population of the Aztecs decreased because of the Spanish. Encomienda, the system of having total control and protection over the natives, was introduced. The remaining Aztecs became slaves to the Spanish. Many died because they were not fit enough to work, resulting in the creation of ‘the slave trade’.