What did Spain and Portugal do to Latin America?

Spain conquered and ruled vast areas in central and South America. Precious metals such as gold and silver, land and a large population to provide labour were the attractions. Large numbers of Spanish people came to live and work in their new lands of Central and South America. …

What impact did Portugal have on Latin America?

The Portuguese were among the first Europeans to establish colonies in the Americas. Portugal was also one of the first imperial states to grant independence to its colonies in the Western Hemisphere.

Did Spain and Portugal conquer Latin America?

The Spanish and Portuguese Conquest of the Americas. In 1484 Christopher Columbus tried unsuccessfully to interest King John II of Portugal in voyages of discovery to the west. … On August 3, 1492 Columbus’ fleet of three ships left Spain and made landfall in the Bahamas on October 12th, about two months later.

How did Spain influence Latin American culture?

One of Spain’s major foreign policy objectives since the advent of democracy has been to increase its influence in Latin America. Spain has a special interest in this area because of historical ties and a common linguistic, cultural, and religious heritage. … This changed, following the Spanish-American War in 1898.

How many countries did Spain colonize?

Spain once had up to 35 colonies throughout the world, some of which it still governs today.

Former Spanish Colonies of the World.

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Rank Former Spanish Colonies Year Independence from Spain
11 Ecuador 1820
12 El Salvador 1821
13 Equatorial Guinea 1968
14 Florida (United States) 1821 (Became a US territory, then a state in 1845)

How did Spain lose America?

Spain lost her possessions on the mainland of America with the independence movements of the early 19th century, during the power vacuum of the Peninsula War. … At the end of the century most of the remaining Spanish Empire ( Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam ) was lost in the Spanish American War in 1898.

What part of America did Spain colonize?

From 1492 to the 1800s, Spanish explorers were the bullies of the New World. Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest.

Temperamental Spain