Soon after the first conquistadors arrived in the Americas in the late 15th century, Spanish missionaries and priests were sent to settle in the new colonies, establish missions, and spread the Catholic faith, both as a source of potential enlightenment as well as a source of social control.
Why did the Spanish explorers and the priests?
And in this process, the Spanish explorers were accompanied by priests of the Catholic Church sent by the King, who considered it was his unifying and moral duty to make sure Christianity reached the New World.
What was the mission of the Spanish Catholic priests?
Spanish missionaries were people who were sent by the Roman Catholic Church and the Spanish royal authorities to other lands to convert people to Christianity.
What were the three goals of Spanish conquistadors?
Three goals of the Spanish colonization in the Americas were the spread of Catholicism, the increase of wealth, and the expansion of the Spanish empire.
Who was the worst Conquistador?
5 Most Brutal Spanish Conquistadors of the New World
- Hernán Cortés. Hernán Cortés was born in 1485 and traveled to the New World at age 19. …
- Francisco Pizarro. …
- Pedro de Alvarado. …
- Hernando de Soto. …
- Juan Ponce de León. …
- What Do You Think? …
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What was the conquistadors biggest advantage?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel. What advantages did the Spanish have over the Native Americans?
How did Spain get rich from exploring?
A New World empire spread from Spain’s Caribbean foothold. Motives were plain: said one soldier, “we came here to serve God and the king, and also to get rich.” Mercenaries joined the conquest and raced to capture the human and material wealth of the New World.
Why did the Spanish missions fail?
2. The Plains tribes resented the missionaries and their intrusion on their hunting grounds. 3. The missions were isolated and often lacked the supplies and people to survive.
What was the strongest motivation for the Spanish explorers to come to the New World?
The motives for Spanish exploration was to find Northwest Passage, which they believed was a direct and efficient route to the Orient – home of spices, silks and wealth. The Spanish explorers were in search of mineral wealth, looking for El Dorado (the City of Gold) and they aspired to spread Christianity.
Why did Spain send Catholic priests and nuns to the Americas?
Many clergy ventured to the Americas to preach what they felt was a purer form of Christianity, and to redeem the souls of the indigenous peoples.
Why did the Spanish want to establish settlements and missions in California?
The main goal of the California missions was to convert Native Americans into devoted Christians and Spanish citizens. Spain used mission work to influence the natives with cultural and religious instruction.