The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
Why were the Aztecs so easily defeated by the Spanish?
The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were short on food, and the smallpox epidemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.
What caused the fall of the Aztecs?
Disease. When the Spanish arrived, they brought with them smallpox. … Smallpox spread among the indigenous people and crippled their ability to resist the Spanish. The disease devastated the Aztec people, greatly reducing their population and killing an estimated half of Tenochtitlán’s inhabitants.
Did the Aztecs have tattoos?
Most Mesoamerican cultures loved adornment. One of the ways they adorned their bodies was through tattooing. While scholars note that Otomi, Huaxtec and Mayans used permanent tattoos, they are not sure that Aztecs did, although there are references to Aztecs getting tattoos during religious ceremonies.
How much gold did the Spanish take from the Aztecs?
At that point, it is estimated that the Spanish had amassed some eight thousand pounds of gold and silver, not to mention plenty of feathers, cotton, jewels and more.
What did the Aztecs call the Spanish?
And they called the Spanish language ‘the tongue of the coyotes‘ or perhaps better ‘coyote-speak’ (coyoltlahtolli). Apparently the Totonac people referred to the Spanish invaders as ‘snakes’.
What disease killed the Mayans?
In addition to North America’s Native American populations, the Mayan and Incan civilizations were also nearly wiped out by smallpox.
What did the Aztecs invent?
About Colonial Family Life. The Aztecs are credited with a number of inventions, but in reality, most of their “inventions” were already well-known in Central America. It’s more accurate to say the Aztecs popularized inventions such as popcorn and chewing gum by introducing them to the Spanish conquerors.