Philippines Under Spanish Rule, 1571-1898.
How long did Spain rule Philippines?
On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent from Spain and proclaimed himself president. After ruling for 333 years, the Spaniards finally left in 1898 and were replaced by the Americans who stayed for 48 years.
How long did the Spanish rule?
It is estimated that during the colonial period (1492–1832), a total of 1.86 million Spaniards settled in the Americas, and a further 3.5 million immigrated during the post-colonial era (1850–1950); the estimate is 250,000 in the 16th century and most during the 18th century, as immigration was encouraged by the new …
How did Spain govern the Philippines?
The Spanish accomplished little in the Philippines. The Philippines was administered by the Viceroyalty of New Spain in present-day Mexico but in many ways the Philippines was ruled by Catholic church. … Most Filipinos had little contact with the Spanish other than through the church.
Why did Spanish colonies fail?
Rebellion by brutalized soldiers or starved African slaves ended two colonies. … Attack-by-rival became another cause of failed colonies. The Spanish massacred the French Huguenots near Florida in 1565 and sent spies to Jamestown in 1613 to determine if eradicating the fledgling colony was its best move.
How did Spain lose its power?
Spain lost her possessions on the mainland of America with the independence movements of the early 19th century, during the power vacuum of the Peninsula War. … At the end of the century most of the remaining Spanish Empire ( Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam ) was lost in the Spanish American War in 1898.
Why did America want the Philippines?
The US wanted the Philippines for several reasons. They took control of the islands in a war with Spain, wanting to punish Spain for what was believed to be an attack against an American ship, the USS Maine. … The Philippines were the largest such colonies controlled by the US.
Was there slavery in the Philippines?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Slavery was widespread in the Philippine islands before the archipelago was integrated into the Spanish Empire. Policies banning slavery that the Spanish crown established for its empire in the Americas were extended to its colony in the Philippines.
What did the Spaniards teach to the Philippines?
It admitted both Spanish and native girls, and taught religion, reading, writing and arithmetic with music and embroidery. Female graduates from Beaterios were fluent in Spanish as well. In 1859, Ateneo de Manila University was established by the Jesuits as the Escuela Municipal.
What are the disadvantages of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
Throughout the colonization of the Philippines, the Spanish benefited economically from the Philippines but hindered the natives socially and through taxation. … Two main ways that Spain was detrimental to Filipinos was by improper taxation and the friars and priests enforcing religion, language, and social norms.