The Spanish Civil War proved to be a breeding ground for mass atrocities, carried out by belligerents eager to eradicate their ideological opponents. About 500,000 people lost their lives in the conflict. Of these, about 200,000 died as the result of systematic killings, mob violence, torture, or other brutalities.
Who won the Spanish Civil War?
On March 28, 1939, the Republicans finally surrendered Madrid, bringing the Spanish Civil War to an end. Up to a million lives were lost in the conflict, the most devastating in Spanish history. Franco subsequently served as dictator of Spain until his death in 1975.
How many died under Franco?
Franco’s regime committed a series of violent human rights abuses against the Spanish people, which included the establishment of concentration camps and the use of forced labor and executions, mostly against political and ideological enemies, causing an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths in more than 190 …
Why did the Spanish Republic fail?
The constitution of The Second Spanish Republic was groundbreaking in the history of Spain and changed the face of the country. … Unfortunately, the Constitution failed to agree with the conservative right and the Roman Catholic Church and this eventually led to the downfall of the Republic.
Why did Franco win the war?
As well as being very politically astute, Franco was also competent tactically – his decision to fight a war of attrition played into the hands of the Nationalists who were better equipped and organised than the Republicans.
Did Franco have concentration camps?
In Francoist Spain between 1936 and 1947, concentration camps (Spanish: campos de concentración) were created and coordinated by the Servicio de Colonias Penitenciarias Militarizadas. The first concentration camp was created by Francisco Franco on July 20, 1936 and was located in the castle of El Hecho in Ceuta.