How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs and the Incas?

Superior Weapons. Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas. Cortés and his men used over a dozen large portable guns, mainly for their shock value against the Aztecs. … Even less sophisticated weapons like steel-edged swords, pikes and crossbows, gave Spaniards the upper hand.

How were the Aztecs and Incas defeated by the Spanish so easily?

The Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro invaded the Incan Empire in 1532, seeking riches. The Inca had already had some contact with Europeans, and many had died of European diseases. The empire was also weakened by a civil war between two ruling brothers. Pizarro manipulated the two sides, eventually defeating both.

How did the Spanish defeat the Aztec empire?

After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor. … Velázquez, the governor of Cuba, later rescinded the order, and Cortés sailed without permission.

What happened to the Aztecs and Incas?

Both the Aztec and the Inca empires were conquered by Spanish conquistadors; the Aztec Empire was conquered by Cortés, and the Inca Empire was defeated by Pizarro. The Spanish had an advantage over native peoples because the former had guns, cannons, and horses.

IT IS IMPORTANT:  Do they grow rice in Spain?

How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?

More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán.

What disease killed the Inca?

Smallpox is widely blamed for the death of the Inca Huayna Capac and blamed as well for the enormous demographic catastrophe which enveloped Ancient Peru (Tawantinsuyu).

Why did Inca empire fall?

While there were many reasons for the fall of the Incan Empire, including foreign epidemics and advanced weaponry, the Spaniards skilled manipulation of power played a key role in this great Empire’s demise.

Temperamental Spain