The encomienda system granted a Spanish leader a number of Native American laborers. The Spanish colonists abused the encomienda system, essentially rendering it a system of slave labor. The Spanish crown, against the forced labor of indigenous people, passed the Laws of Burgos in an attempt to reform the system.
What role did the encomienda system play in Spanish colonies?
The encomienda system was put in place in several areas, most importantly in Peru. Under the encomienda system, prominent Spaniards were entrusted with Native Peruvian communities. In exchange for the stolen labor of Indigenous people and tribute, the Spanish lord would provide protection and education.
How did encomienda system impact natives?
Cause & Effect: The cause of the Encomienda system was the Spanish crown offering land and Indian slaves to conquistadors going to the new world. The effect was heavy depopulation of Indians from brutality and disease leading into African slaves becoming a new labor force.
How did the Spanish treat the Native Americans?
Natives were subjects of the Spanish crown, and to treat them as less than human violated the laws of God, nature, and Spain. He told King Ferdinand that in 1515 scores of natives were being slaughtered by avaricious conquistadors without having been converted.
Why did Spain control the New World?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
Why is Encomienda bad?
The encomienda system (in theory) was a feudal-like system where Spaniards would offer protection and education to the native populations in exchange for labor and money/gifts. In reality, the encomienda system was a horrible abuse of power and essentially slavery.
Why did African slavery replace the encomienda system?
8. What replaced the Encomienda System? It was gradually replaced by African slave labor because Africans were more immune to European diseases than Natives.
Why did Spanish cut off natives hands?
One of the first things Europeans did upon their arrival to the Americas was to dig for gold. … The Conquistadores would set quotas of how much gold each Indian had to bring and if these were not met their hands would be cut off in order to “teach” the rest a lesson.
Who converted natives to Christianity?
Columbus forced the Natives to convert to Christianity and begin practicing this new religion against their desires.