In 1492 Columbus discovered the New World of the Americas. Portugal and Spain became the early leaders in the Age of Exploration. Through the Treaty of Tordesillas the two countries agreed to divide up the New World. … Spain sent over conquistadors to explore the Americas and to conquer the peoples there.
Why did Spain become involved in exploration?
Spain. The motives for Spanish exploration was to find Northwest Passage, which they believed was a direct and efficient route to the Orient – home of spices, silks and wealth. The Spanish explorers were in search of mineral wealth, looking for El Dorado (the City of Gold) and they aspired to spread Christianity.
Was Spain the leader in exploration?
The extensive overseas exploration, led by the Portuguese and the Spanish, emerged as a powerful factor in European culture, most notably the European encounter and colonization in the Americas. It also marks an increased adoption of colonialism as a government policy in several European states.
What did Spain gain from explore the new world?
By 1550 Spain had dominion over the West Indies and Central America and its large surviving native population. New World mines yielded gold and silver for Spain in far greater amounts than France and Portugal had ever been able to extract from West Africa.
How did Spain lose America?
Spain lost her possessions on the mainland of America with the independence movements of the early 19th century, during the power vacuum of the Peninsula War. … At the end of the century most of the remaining Spanish Empire ( Cuba, Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam ) was lost in the Spanish American War in 1898.
How did Spain get rich from exploring?
A New World empire spread from Spain’s Caribbean foothold. Motives were plain: said one soldier, “we came here to serve God and the king, and also to get rich.” Mercenaries joined the conquest and raced to capture the human and material wealth of the New World.
What are the 5 reasons for Exploration?
Terms in this set (7)
- Curiosity. People wondered who and what else was out there in the world.
- Fame. Some people wanted to go down as a great name in history.
- National pride. Many people explored to claim new lands for their country and become national heroes.
- Religion. …
- Foreign goods. …
- Wealth. …
- Better trade routes.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
What were three outcomes of Spanish Exploration?
Europeans gained new materials like gold, silver, and jewels. The Europeans enslaved the Native Americans and took most of them back to Europe. The explorers also gained new foods like corn and pineapple. Columbus also discovered tobacco seeds and brought the seeds back to Europe.