Spain and Portugal solve their differences over claims to new lands by signing the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, they divided the world into two areas. Portugal won the right to control the eastern parts including Africa, India, and other parts of Asia. Spain got the western parts—including most of the Americas.
How did Portugal and Spain acquire their overseas empires?
How did Portugal and Spain acquire their overseas empires, and how did their empires differ? The Portuguese came to Africa and sold slaves. … Spain also pillaged the cities of Aztec civilisation, and then proceeded to take over their already-built land. Portuguese traveled east and Spain west.
What were the results of Spanish and Portuguese conquests in the Americas?
What were the results of Spanish and Portuguese conquests in America? Spain created an empire by destroying civilizations and killing the native population. Portugal took control of Brazil.
How were Spain and Portugal taken?
Spain and Portugal were able to take the lead in discovering new lands because their rulers were willing to take risks and sponsor expeditions and because they had enough initial wealth to sponsor said expeditions.
What was the conflict between Spain and Portugal?
Spanish–Portuguese War (1762–63), known as the Fantastic War. Spanish–Portuguese War (1776–77), fought over the border between Spanish and Portuguese South America. War of the Oranges in 1801, when Spain and France defeated Portugal in the Iberian Peninsula, while Portugal defeated Spain in South America.
Which was a major cause of European exploration?
There are three main reasons for European Exploration. Them being for the sake of their economy, religion and glory. They wanted to improve their economy for instance by acquiring more spices, gold, and better and faster trading routes. Also, they really believed in the need to spread their religion, Christianity.
How did Spain acquire an overseas empires?
How did Spain come to acquire an overseas empire? through efforts backed by mercenaries which had fought in iberian wars (conquistadors) and their ambitions, the spanish ousted the mexica empires from the mexican mainland and set up colonies across south america and north america.
Why were the Portuguese so successful?
This was centre of the gold trade. Gold became the biggest source of income for the Portuguese crown. At Elmina the main source was Ashanti gold, at trading points on the Guinea coast it was gold diverted to Portuguese traders from the caravan route from Timbuktu to Morocco.
What was the main goal of Spanish and Portuguese colonists?
Their goals were to expand Catholicism and to gain a commercial advantage over Portugal. To those ends, Ferdinand and Isabella sponsored extensive Atlantic exploration. Spain’s most famous explorer, Christopher Columbus, was actually from Genoa, Italy.
How did Spain take over South America?
The Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 drew a north-to-south line through South America. Spain gained territory west of the line, while Portugal retained the lands east of the line, including the east coast of Brazil.
Why did the Portuguese develop the Cartaz system?
The “cartazes” licensing system was created in 1502 to control and enforce the Portuguese trade monopoly over a wide area in the Indian Ocean, taking advantage of local commerce: the cartaz was issued by the Portuguese at a low cost, granting merchant ships protection against pirates and rival states, which then …
What were the results of the Portuguese explorations of Africa?
What were the results of the Portuguese explorations of Africa? The Portuguese sent up trading posts for gold and slaves. Slavery disrupted African communities and inhibited the expression of regional African cultures and tribal identities.
What did Spain trade in the 1500s?
Overseas exploration contributed to the rapid development of Spanish and Portuguese trade in the 1500s. Spain brought silver from the Americas, and Portugal imported slaves, sugar, and other goods from Africa.