It was an unhappy circumstance in which the Aztecs were defeated by Hernan Cortes, leader of the invasion of the Aztec empire, and his men. The Spanish conquerors then began the gradual process of converting the Aztecs to Christianity.
Did the Spanish wiped out the Aztecs?
The Spaniards were driven out of Tenochtitlan and nearly wiped out, but they ultimately returned and laid siege to the city. The Aztecs, under their last ruler, Cuauhtémoc (c. 1495-1525), resisted fiercely but were finally defeated in late 1521.
Are the Spanish and the Aztecs the same?
Both the Aztecs and the Spaniards were expansionist and imperialist peoples, but the Aztecs used a tribute system while the Spaniards used colonialism. The Aztecs conquered the city-states surrounding Tenochtitlan and their own city-states and demanded tribute and persons to use as human sacrifices.
How were the Spanish Conquistadors able to defeat the powerful Aztec?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.
Why did the Aztecs lose to the Spanish?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
What killed the Aztecs?
The mysterious epidemic that devastated Aztecs may have been food poisoning. In 1545, an unknown disease struck the Aztec Empire. … Over the next five years, the disease—then called “cocoliztli,” or “pestilence”—killed between seven and 17 million people.
What did the Aztecs call the Spanish?
And they called the Spanish language ‘the tongue of the coyotes‘ or perhaps better ‘coyote-speak’ (coyoltlahtolli). Apparently the Totonac people referred to the Spanish invaders as ‘snakes’.